Apprendre la Langue Française (Part 48): la négation (une introduction)


Source: french.about.com

This summarizes the different kinds of negation and negation-related grammatical structures. Each will be discussed in details as we go along.

(Don’t) just say non 

No, not a chance, I don’t think so, and more.

non 

pas question!

Negative adverbs 

Negate or restrict the action of the verb they modify.

ne…pas 

ne…jamais

Negative adjectives 

Negate or cast doubt on a quality of the noun they modify.

ne…nul 

ne…aucun

Negative pronouns 

Negate or cast doublt on the existing of the noun they replace.

ne…rien 

ne…personne

Negative conjunction 

There’s only one.

ne..ni…ni…
Negative questions 

There’s a special French word to respond yes to negative questions.

– Non. 

– Si!

Negative infinitives 

2-part negative structures stay together in front of inifinitives.

Ne pas toucher. 

Ne jamais fermer.

N’importe…expressions 

Designate an unspecified person, thing, or characteristic.

n’importe qui 

n’importe quel…

Pas 

Negate a non-verbal structure.

pas beaucoup 

pas souvent

Double negatives 

Two negatives don’t make a positive in French.

Ce n’est pas rien. 

Je n’ai jamais vu personne.

Formal negation 

There are three negative structures particular to formal French.

ne…point 

avant qu’il ne…

Je ne peux le faire.

Informal negation 

Ne is often dropped in spoken French.

Je sais pas. 

Bouge pas!

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: