Apprendre la Langue Française (Part 22): les verbes – Être, S’appeler, et Avoir (conjugaison au présent)


Source: la-conjugaison.fr

être s’appeler avoir
je suis m’appelle ai
tu es t’appelle as
il/elle/on est s’appelle a
vous êtes vous vous sappelez avez
nous somme nous nous sappelons avons
ils/elles sont s’appellent ont

The verb, être means to be. It is also defined as:

- play a role in an artistic representation; put themselves in the shoes of the character;
- have a life; and
- have that characteristic, for example:

Le sang est rouge. Blood is red.
Le feu est chaud. Fire is hot.

The verb, être can also be synonymous to: accomplir – achever – aller – appartenir – avoir -avoir l’existence – consister – constituer – demeurer – dénoter – devenir – équivaloir -être au monde – être équivalent – être posé – exister – faire – figurer – former – incarner – loger – occuper une certaine position. -régner – représenter – s’élever – se comporter – se montrer – se porter – se rencontrer – se révéler – se sentir – se tenir – se trouver- se voir – signaler – signifier – subsister – suggérer – vivre – y avoir – incarner un personnage. We’ll learn more about these other verbs as we go along.

Using the verb être in sentences, for example:

Je suis docteur. I am a doctor.
Tu es infirmiére. You are a nurse.
Il est Japonais. He is a Japanese.
Vous êtes Americain. You are an American.
Nous somme heureaux. We are happy.
Elles sont belles. They are beautiful.

With this verb in these examples above, you can create simple form of sentences with adjectives (in french, nationalities and professions are considered as adjectives).

The verb, s’appeler means to be called. It is also defined as: be anointed.

The verb, s’appeler can also be synonymous to: s’entr’appeler – s’intituler – se nommer.

Using the verb s’appeler in sentences, for example:

Je m’appelle Marie. I am called Marie.
Tu t’appelle Pedro. You are called Pedro.
Elle s’appelle Liza. She is called Liza.
Vous vous s’appelez M. Mateo. You are named Monsieur Mateo.
Nous nous s’appellons Pussycat Dolls. We are called Pussycat Dolls.
Ils s’appellent Backstreet Boys. They are called Backstreet Boys.
Le château s’appelle Musée Ariana. The mansion is called Ariana Museum.

Using the verb être with a name of the person is not recommended. In most conversations, use C’est instead; or for formal situations, use the verb s’appeler.

(X) Elle est Anne.
(√) C’est Anne.
(√) Elle s’appelle Anne.

The verb, avoir means to have. It is also defined as:
- possess, own;
- identify age;
- present a specific character; and
- dupe, receive.

The verb, avoir can also be synonymous to: accepter – acheter – acquérir – attraper – baiser – battre – bénéficier – berner – capturer – conquérir – devoir – disposer – duper – emberlificoter – empaumer – empiler – enjôler – entourlouper – entuber – être pourvu – exister – faire – faire marcher – feinter – ficher dedans – jouir – l’emporter – mener – mesurer – mettre dedans – obtenir – occuper – offrir – pigeonner – porter – prendre – présenter – rappeler – recevoir – recueillir – refaire – remporter – rencontrer – ressembler – ressentir – rester – rouler – séduire – se procurer -tenir – tenir de – tomber – triompher – tromper – trouver – tuer – vaincre – avoir à sa disposition – avoir en sa possession – comporter -comprendre – contenir – détenir – être en possession – être nanti – posséder – avoir à la main – avoir dans les mains – avoir en main -être.

Using the verb avoir in sentences, for example:

J’ai 18 ans. I am 18 years old.
Tu as 60 ans. You are 60 years old.
Il a un frère. He has a brother.
Vous avez un livre. You have a book.
Nous avons une maison. We have a house.
Elles ont 20 ans. They are 20 years old.
Mon frère a 30 ans. My brother is 30 years old.

With this verb in these examples above, you can create simple form of sentences that express possession or indicate age.

The verbs être and avoir, which are auxiliary verbs, together with another verb faire, are the most important French verbs since they are used in several ways as well as with many expressions. Conjugations of these three verbs are irregular. We will learn more about the usage of these verbs (also, the present conjugation and usage of the verb faire) on the later posts.

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